Wisdom Teeth Removal
Wisdom teeth are the final set of molars generally appearing in the late teens to early twenties. Since there is not enough space in the mouth for the teeth, a variety of problems can develop. These teeth often come in as impacted, and can cause potential damage to the adjacent teeth. Therefore, they require removal. The best time to remove the wisdom teeth is before any symptoms arise. An evaluation is recommended upon before the teeth erupt, break the surface of the gums, as later on they can cause further complications.
As mentioned, the wisdom teeth often come in as misaligned or impacted. When impacted, they are still enclosed within the soft tissue, or only partially breaking through the gum line. Since it is only partially exposed, bacteria can easily enter the surroundings of the tooth, and cause infection. It can also cause pain, and facial and gum line swelling. Tooth decay and gum disease are also more prevalent in a partially erupted tooth as it is more difficult to brush and floss.
When the wisdom teeth are misaligned, they are positioned either horizontally or angled either toward or away the second molar. The poor alignment can cause damage to the adjacent teeth, jawbone, or nerves.
Removing wisdom teeth is a rather common surgery. A local anesthetic along with sedation is commonly used. Therefore, considering the sedation, someone will need to drive you to and from the appointment.
In the day following the surgery, bleeding and facial swelling is expected. Placing clean gauze over the tooth socket where the wisdom tooth was is helpful. In order to prevent dry socket, avoid spitting or sucking, and hot liquids, such as soups. A liquid diet is suggested for the first day. After the first day, facial swelling is still expected. Also, rinsing with warm salt water after meals is recommended.
As discussed, dry socket is a common complication associated with wisdom teeth removal. It commonly occurs when the postoperative instructions are not closely followed. This occurs when a blood clot has failed to form where the wisdom tooth was removed, or the blood clot becomes dislodged. Healing is delayed when the clot does not form properly. Dry socket generally occurs within 3 or 4 days of the extraction. There is commonly pain, and a foul mouth odor associated. This is treated by removing any debris in the tooth socket, and by placing medication into the socket. After one treatment, dry socket is usually resolved. Make an appointment today to get a evaluation for wisdom teeth removal in San Diego!